Progressing climate changes and environmental degradation have a direct impact on the shape of the
current energy economy. The increase in CO2 emissions forces the reduction of the use of traditional
fossil fuels in favor of renewable energy sources, which have now attracted the attention of the
whole world. Various economy segments the have been involved in the area of sustainable progress
in the development of the energy sector, taking into account the full supply chain of electricity
processing and storage technologies, hydrogen technologies, technologies for heating and
Nanotechnology offers prospects for improving energy efficiency in all industrial
sectors. It has an economic impact on the production of renewable energy through the use of
innovative technological approaches and improved production technologies. The use of
Nanotechnology applied in the field of energy results in a number of commercial products, including:
lithium-ion batteries, fuel cells, light-emitting diodes (LEDs), ultracapacitors, energy storage and solar
cells. Additionally, Nanotechnology is being used to develop new improved oil recovery techniques
that can improve oil extraction efficiency.
Moreover, Nanotechnology is being used to develop new,
energy-efficient materials such as nanocomposites that can be used in insulation, and allows to
increase energy efficiency in all branches of industry and the economic use of renewable energy
production through new technological solutions and optimized production technologies.
Nanotechnology innovations can affect every part of the value added chain in the energy sector.